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Statues of William Farel, John Calvin, Theodore Beza, and John Knox at the centre of the International Monument to the Reformation in Geneva, Switzerland.
They were among the most influential theologians that helped develop the Reformed tradition.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice set down by John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Here are the definitions and Scripture references Calvinists use to defend their beliefs: Total Depravity - As a result of Adam’s fall, the entire human race is affected; all humanity is dead in trespasses and sins.
Man is unable to save himself (Genesis 6:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans -18).
The five-point Calvinists, however, see problems with four-point Calvinism.
While the Reformed theological tradition addresses all of the traditional topics of Christian theology, the word Calvinism is sometimes used to refer to particular Calvinist views on soteriology and predestination, which are summarized in part by the Five Points of Calvinism.Irresistible Grace - Those whom God elected He draws to Himself through irresistible grace. None whom God has elected will be lost; they are eternally secure (John -29; Romans -30; Ephesians 1:3-14).While all these doctrines have a biblical basis, many people reject all or some of them.The most important Reformed theologians include John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, Martin Bucer, William Farel, Heinrich Bullinger, Peter Martyr Vermigli, Theodore Beza, and John Knox. Gresham Machen, Karl Barth, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Cornelius Van Til, Gordon Clark, and R. Calvin denounced the designation himself: Despite its negative connotation, this designation became increasingly popular in order to distinguish Calvinists from Lutherans and from newer Protestant branches that emerged later.
In the twentieth century, Abraham Kuyper, Herman Bavinck, B. The vast majority of churches that trace their history back to Calvin (including Presbyterians, Congregationalists, and a row of other Calvinist churches) do not use it themselves, since the designation "Reformed" is more generally accepted and preferred, especially in the English-speaking world.
So-called “four-point Calvinists” accept Total Depravity, Unconditional Election, Irresistible Grace, and Perseverance of the Saints as biblical doctrines.